Research News

October 01, 2007

Annual Fitzpatrick Meeting to Highlight ‘Science and Technology for a Purpose’

The seventh annual meeting of Duke's Fitzpatrick Institute for Photonics, which will be held at Duke's Pratt School of Engineering on Oct. 11 and 12, will highlight "Photonics in the Translational Era: Science and Technology for a Purpose." Photonics is the science and technology of light and its [...]

October 01, 2007

Graduate Student Bogdan Popa Puts Exotic Metamaterials to Action

When communism fell in Romania 20 years ago, it was as if the people had moved from jail to a jungle, according to Bogdan Popa, a Romanian citizen and recent graduate of Duke University's Pratt School of Engineering. Afterwards, he said the biggest change was that people "could leave the country [...]

August 15, 2007

Breast Cancer Imaging

X-ray mammography plays a critical role in detecting breast cancers early--up to two years before a patient or physician might feel a suspicious lump. Yet, the contrast between cancer and non-cancer on an X-ray is limited to a few percent, making it impossible to determine without a biopsy whether [...]

August 15, 2007

When Fear Returns

Psychological counseling helps people overcome debilitating anxiety and painful memories of traumatic events in their lives -- giving them the chance to conquer their fears and live normal lives. But for some, the effects of therapy don’t ‘stick’ -- patients feel fine for long periods of time only [...]

August 15, 2007

Nocturnal Gazing

High quality night vision and infrared cameras are critical for a variety of tasks ranging from security in banks and museums to observing nocturnal animals to military troop safety. In the past, improving the quality of photographs meant using ever larger camera lenses. However, in these and [...]

August 15, 2007

Is it Malaria?

 The World Health Organization estimates that each year 300 million to 500 million cases of malaria occur and more than one million people die of malaria. A mosquito-borne disease caused by a parasite, malaria causes fever, chills, and flu-like illness. While there is currently no malaria vaccine [...]

August 15, 2007

Hearing the Subtleties

Cochlear implants are electronic devices designed to produce useful hearing sensations for people with severe to profound hearing loss. An implant combines an externally worn microphone, sound processor and transmitter system with a receiver under the skin and an electrode array inside the inner [...]

August 15, 2007

Invisibility Cloak

The concept of invisibility has long been relegated to the realm of science fiction, from H.G. Wells' Invisible Man to Harry Potter, but those days are gone. Last year, David R. Smith, Augustine Scholar and professor of electrical and computer engineering, and his colleagues reported a blueprint [...]

June 25, 2007

Carolina Universities Form Photonics Consortium To Boost Technology Commercialization

Getting photonics (light-based) technologies to the marketplace has just gotten easier. Duke University has joined four Carolina universities in forming the Carolinas Photonics Consortium (CPC). Representatives of North Carolina State University, the University of North Carolina at Charlotte, [...]

June 01, 2007

David J. Brady Elected SPIE Fellow

David J. Brady, the Addy Family Professor of electrical and computer engineering, has been elected a Fellow of the International Society for Optical Engineering (SPIE). Brady is one of 56 new Fellows chosen worldwide this year. SPIE Fellows are members of distinction who have made significant [...]