Microelectronics, Photonics and Nanotechnology

Microelectronics, photonics, and nanotechnology (MPN) constitute a research area that has the potential to address many of the grand challenges currently facing society, including improving healthcare by engineering better diagnostic tools, securing the homeland by creating better chemical and gas sensors, and reducing the cost of renewable energy sources by increasing the efficiency of solar energy conversion. Materials, devices, and integrated systems are the foundation to creating the enabling technologies that can address these important, multi-disciplinary challenges.

Therefore, the research thrusts within MPN share in common the creation of new technologies, and we approach this endeavor both experimentally and theoretically. Multi-disciplinary collaboration is a strong research component within our group because we apply the new technologies we create to solve science and engineering problems. In general, the collaborative process occurs using two approaches; basic science and engineering yield novel capabilities for which applications are sought, and fundamental challenges in existing applications are identified and novel solutions are developed. As a result of our approach, graduate students in our group conduct multidisciplinary research that seeks to solve fundamental challenges related to complex problems.

Research strengths in MPN focus on materials and devices that include micro- and nano-fluidic systems, integration of these fluidic systems with optical systems, photovoltaics, nano-optics, photodetectors, lasers and LEDs, optical biochemical sensors (fluidic and aerosol), silicon photonics, integrated circuit design through the MOSIS foundry, CMOS circuits, nanostructured materials and devices, and chip scale integrated optical/electrical systems. Strong software design and optimization capabilities in MPN are complemented by the fabrication and characterization capabilities in the Shared Materials Instrumentation Facility at Duke, and through ultra mixed signal test facilities in MPN labs. MPN within Duke ECE aims to be the world leader in creating materials, devices, and integrated systems that enable novel technologies related to microelectronics, photonics, and nanotechnology in order to solve fundamental challenges across a broad range of applications. As a result, we will not only help advance society by resolving grand challenges, but, through our collaborations, we will give an “unfair advantage” to researchers, particularly our collaborators, who use our technologies to enhance their own programs.

Examples of application areas that benefit from strong on-campus research collaborations include:

  • Micro- and Nano-fluidics (School of Medicine)
  • Biological and Chemical Sensors (Institute for Genome Sciences and Policy)
  • Biomedical Imaging (School of Medicine, Biomedical Engineering)

Primary Faculty

David J. Brady

David J. Brady

Michael J. Fitzpatrick Professor of Photonics in the Edmund T. Pratt, Jr. School of Engineering

Research Interests: DISP uses joint design of physical sampling and digital processing strategies to develop high performance sensor systems. DISP builds instruments for visible, infrared, ultraviolet, x-ray, millimeter wave, terahertz, acoustic and ion imaging and spectroscopy. DISP has made...

Martin A. Brooke

Martin A. Brooke

Associate Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Research Interests: Analog, RF, and optoelectronic circuits. Sensor interface circuits. Deployable sensor systems

April S. Brown

April S. Brown

John Cocke Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering in the Edmund T. Pratt , Jr. School of Engineering

Krishnendu Chakrabarty

Krishnendu Chakrabarty

William H. Younger Professor of Engineering in the Edmund T. Pratt, Jr. School of Engineering

Research Interests: Testing and design-for-testability of integrated circuits and systems (SOCs, 3D, manycore); microfluidic biochips and cyberphysical systems; resilient computing systems; enterprise system optimization and smart manufacturing

Richard B. Fair

Richard B. Fair

Lord-Chandran Professor of Engineering in the Edmund T. Pratt, Jr. School of Engineering

Research Interests: Microfluidic systems for lab-on-a-chip applications based on electrowetting technology

Aaron D. Franklin

Aaron D. Franklin

James L. and Elizabeth M. Vincent Associate Professor

Research Interests: Nanomaterials in electronic devices, nanofabrication, printed electronics and internet of things (IoT), biosensing

Michael E. Gehm

Michael E. Gehm

Associate Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Research Interests: Primarily computational and compressive sensing and measurement in all modalities (with special emphasis in Electromagnetic/Optical from RF to x-ray and all forms of Mass spectrometry), with side interests in optical physics, high-performance x-ray simulation, and rapid-...

Jeffrey Glass

Jeffrey Glass

Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Research Interests: Electronic materials and the associated devices/instruments improved by these materials, especially electrode applications in miniature mass spectrometry, energy conversion and storage and liquid waste disinfection for developing regions. Electrochemical measurements and...

William T. Joines

William T. Joines

Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Research Interests: Electromagnetic field and wave interactions with materials and structures

Nan Marie Jokerst

Nan Marie Jokerst

J. A. Jones Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering in the Edmund T. Pratt, Jr. School of Engineering

Jungsang Kim

Jungsang Kim

Professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Research Interests: Quantum Computing with Trapped Ions, Quantum Information Science, Novel Photonic Devices, Application of Quantum Computers

Qing Huo Liu

Qing Huo Liu

Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Research Interests: Computational electromagnetics and acoustics; inverse problems, and their application in geophysics, nanophotonics, and biomedical imaging

Hisham Z. Massoud

Hisham Z. Massoud

Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Research Interests: Ultrathin gate dielectrics for CMOS ULSI – the technology, physics, modeling, simulation, and characterization of ultrathin-oxide MOSFETs

Maiken Mikkelsen

Maiken Mikkelsen

James N. and Elizabeth H. Barton Associate Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Research Interests: Quantum nanophotonics, plasmonics, light-matter interactions in artificially structured nanoscale materials, hybrid molecular-scale materials and spin phenomena in the solid state

Willie John Padilla

Willie John Padilla

Professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Research Interests: Theoretical and experimental investigation of electromagnetic metamaterials and metasurfaces, and their application to imaging and sensing at microwave, terahertz, and infrared frequencies

David R. Smith

David R. Smith

James B. Duke Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Research Interests: Theory, simulation and demonstration of novel electromagnetic metamaterials across the spectrum, from microwave through optical. Applications of metamaterials for antennas and imaging devices, with a focus on security imaging and satellite imaging. General studies on advanced...

Adrienne Stiff-Roberts

Adrienne Stiff-Roberts

Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Research Interests: Thin-film deposition, MAPLE, hybrid perovskites, hybrid nanocomposites, organic thin films

Secondary Faculty

Stefan M Goetz

Stefan M Goetz

Assistant Professor in Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences

Angel Vladimirov Peterchev

Angel Vladimirov Peterchev

Associate Professor in Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences

Research Interests: Development and modeling of devices and application paradigms for transcranial brain stimulation; projects related to power electronics, with applications in electrical energy conversion and storage

Research Faculty

Jason Amsden

Jason Amsden

Assistant Research Professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Brian R. Stoner

Brian R. Stoner

Research Professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Adjunct Faculty

James Morizio

James Morizio

Adjunct Associate Professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Research Interests: He conducts research in the areas of mixed-signal VLSI design and sub-system hardware development for biomedical instrumentation products.

Yaroslav A. Urzhumov

Yaroslav A. Urzhumov

Adjunct Assistant Professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Research Interests: Urzhumov's main focus at Duke is on engineering technologically-relevant electromagnetic and acoustic properties of such media across the spectrum, and designing device prototypes based on metamaterials. His demonstration of all-dielectric cloaking at Duke (2013), and the...