Microelectronics, Photonics and Nanotechnology

Microelectronics, photonics, and nanotechnology (MPN) constitute a research area that has the potential to address many of the grand challenges currently facing society, including improving healthcare by engineering better diagnostic tools, securing the homeland by creating better chemical and gas sensors, and reducing the cost of renewable energy sources by increasing the efficiency of solar energy conversion. Materials, devices, and integrated systems are the foundation to creating the enabling technologies that can address these important, multi-disciplinary challenges.

Therefore, the research thrusts within MPN share in common the creation of new technologies, and we approach this endeavor both experimentally and theoretically. Multi-disciplinary collaboration is a strong research component within our group because we apply the new technologies we create to solve science and engineering problems. In general, the collaborative process occurs using two approaches; basic science and engineering yield novel capabilities for which applications are sought, and fundamental challenges in existing applications are identified and novel solutions are developed. As a result of our approach, graduate students in our group conduct multidisciplinary research that seeks to solve fundamental challenges related to complex problems.

Research strengths in MPN focus on materials and devices that include micro- and nano-fluidic systems, integration of these fluidic systems with optical systems, photovoltaics, nano-optics, photodetectors, lasers and LEDs, optical biochemical sensors (fluidic and aerosol), silicon photonics, integrated circuit design through the MOSIS foundry, CMOS circuits, nanostructured materials and devices, and chip scale integrated optical/electrical systems. Strong software design and optimization capabilities in MPN are complemented by the fabrication and characterization capabilities in the Shared Materials Instrumentation Facility at Duke, and through ultra mixed signal test facilities in MPN labs. MPN within Duke ECE aims to be the world leader in creating materials, devices, and integrated systems that enable novel technologies related to microelectronics, photonics, and nanotechnology in order to solve fundamental challenges across a broad range of applications. As a result, we will not only help advance society by resolving grand challenges, but, through our collaborations, we will give an “unfair advantage” to researchers, particularly our collaborators, who use our technologies to enhance their own programs.

Examples of application areas that benefit from strong on-campus research collaborations include:

  • Micro- and Nano-fluidics (School of Medicine)
  • Biological and Chemical Sensors (Institute for Genome Sciences and Policy)
  • Biomedical Imaging (School of Medicine, Biomedical Engineering)

Primary Faculty

David J. Brady

David J. Brady

Michael J. Fitzpatrick Professor of Photonics in the Edmund T. Pratt, Jr. School of Engineering

Research Interests: DISP uses joint design of physical sampling and digital processing strategies to develop high performance sensor systems. DISP builds instruments for visible, infrared, ultraviolet, x-ray, millimeter wave, terahertz, acoustic and ion imaging and spectroscopy. DISP has made particular contributions...

Martin A. Brooke

Martin A. Brooke

Associate Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Research Interests: Professor Brooke's expertise is in multi-disciplinary, team-oriented collaborative research involving co-design and co-development of hybrid analog, digital, and optoelectronic information processing systems. He has conducted a research program in applications for ultra-compact optical sensors,...

April S. Brown

April S. Brown

John Cocke Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering in the Edmund T. Pratt , Jr. School of Engineering

Krishnendu Chakrabarty

Krishnendu Chakrabarty

William H. Younger Professor of Engineering in the Edmund T. Pratt, Jr. School of Engineering

Christopher Dwyer

Christopher Dwyer

Associate Professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Research Interests: My group studies the design, synthesis and properties of nanostructures for future computer and sensor systems. Specifically, we use DNA self-assembly, a bottom-up fabrication technique that can be used to achieve molecular scale resolution, to build experimental devices which we then characterize...

Richard B. Fair

Richard B. Fair

Lord-Chandran Professor of Engineering in the Edmund T. Pratt, Jr. School of Engineering

Research Interests: Microfluidic systems for lab-on-a-chip applications based on electrowetting technology. We are primarily focused on applications, such as a chip that extracts, purifies and amplifies the nucleic acid of sparse pathogens in blood for diagnosing sepsis, a chip to perform DNA sequencing by synthesis,...

Aaron D. Franklin

Aaron D. Franklin

Associate Professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Michael Gehm

Michael Gehm

Associate Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Jeffrey Glass

Jeffrey Glass

Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering

William T. Joines

William T. Joines

Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Nan Marie Jokerst

Nan Marie Jokerst

J. A. Jones Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering in the Edmund T. Pratt, Jr. School of Engineering

Thomas Katsouleas

Thomas Katsouleas

Adjunct Professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Research Interests: Katsouleas is a specialist in the use of plasmas as novel particle accelerators and light sources.

Jungsang Kim

Jungsang Kim

Professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Qing Huo Liu

Qing Huo Liu

Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Hisham Z. Massoud

Hisham Z. Massoud

Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Research Interests: Professor Massoud is interested in ultrathin gate dielectrics for CMOS ULSI. His interest span the technology, phyiscs, modeling, simulation, and characterization of ultrathin-oxide MOSFETs. He has led a research program in the modeling and simulation of quantum-mechanical carrier tunneling in...

Maiken Mikkelsen

Maiken Mikkelsen

Nortel Networks Assistant Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Willie John Padilla

Willie John Padilla

Professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

David R. Smith

David R. Smith

James B. Duke Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Adrienne Stiff-Roberts

Adrienne Stiff-Roberts

Associate Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Research Interests: Nanomaterials resulting from quantum confinement in three dimensions, known as nanoparticles or quantum dots, exhibit unique characteristics compared to conventional, bulk materials because of their small size, and because nanomaterials can be tailored to exhibit desired properties by controlling...

Adjunct Faculty

James Morizio

Adjunct Associate Professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Research Interests: He conducts research in the areas of mixed-signal VLSI design and sub-system hardware development for biomedical instrumentation products.

Yaroslav A. Urzhumov

Yaroslav A. Urzhumov

Adjunct Assistant Professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Research Interests: Urzhumov's main focus at Duke is on engineering technologically-relevant electromagnetic and acoustic properties of such media across the spectrum, and designing device prototypes based on metamaterials. His demonstration of all-dielectric cloaking at Duke (2013), and the theoretical proofs of...