Centers and Labs
As part of the U.S. Department of Energy's MONITOR program, CAMMS-ES is developing a next-generation methane detector. Go to camms.pratt.duke.edu »
EURIQA is a five-year, $31.9 million intelligence advanced research projects activity led by Professor Jungsang Kim. The project's goal is address qubit degradation with ion technology for quantum information applications.
The goals of the Institute are to: train the commercial, technical and academic leaders of next generation broadband technologies; pioneer the establishment of photonics as an information science; and pioneer new approaches to industrial, governmental and interacademy collaboration. Research themes include quantum optics, opto-electronics, information spaces, and biophotonics.
CMIP advances the basic understanding of electromagnetic metamaterials, exploring their capabilities and limitations across the electromagnetic spectrum.
WaSH-AID is facilitating development and sustainable deployment of novel technology-based health solutions for developing regions across the globe. Visit washaid.pratt.duke.edu »
Labs and Research Groups
This lab, led by Lawrence Carin, investigates applied statistics and machine learning.
The Duke Computer Architecture group performs research on a variety of topics, often in collaboration with the systems group. Their research often requires re-examining the interface between hardware and software, designing new interfaces as technology and workloads change.
The Cummer Lab's esearch spans different aspects of applied electromagnetics and wave propagation, with a common thread of exploiting the interaction of wave fields with complicated structures and environments to learn things about the source or structure and environment.
Digital microfluidics is an alternative paradigm for lab-on-a-chip systems based upon micromanipulation of discrete droplets. Microfluidic processing is performed on unit-sized packets of fluid which are transported, stored, mixed, reacted, or analyzed in a discrete manner using a standard set of basic instructions. In analogy to digital microelectronics, these basic instructions can be combined and reused within hierarchical design structures so that complex procedures (e.g. chemical synthesis or biological assays) can be built up step-by-step. And in contrast to continuous-flow microfluidics, digital microfluidics works much the same way as traditional bench-top protocols, only with much smaller volumes and much higher automation. Thus a wide range of established chemistries and protocols can be seamlessly transferred to a nanoliter droplet format.
Duke Self Assembled Systems Group
They study the design and fabrication of nanostructures as applied specifically to the fabrication of future computing systems: devices-to-computer architecture.
Duke Imaging and Spectroscopy Program
The Duke Imaging and Spectroscopy Program is a computational optical sensors research program affiliated with the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, the Fitzpatrick Institute for Photonics and the Pratt School of Engineering at Duke University. DISP uses physical layer coding, generalized sampling and nonlinear signal processing to build optical imaging and spectroscopy systems spanning x-ray to radio wave frequencies.
The Duke Smart Home Program is a research-based approach to smart living sponsored by the Pratt School of Engineering. Primarily focused on undergraduates, the program encourages students from different academic disciplines to form teams and explore smart ways to use technology in the home.
The Jokerst Group focuses on chip-scale optical sources for optical sensing systems, such as portable medical diagnositcs, and environmental monitoring. The technology areas include expertise in optical system design, optoelectronic device and system design, photonic materials and devices, and fabrication of semiconductor devices. Our current primary research areas of interest include chip-scale photonic sensing systems, III-V thin-film lasers integrated onto silicon, integrated optoelectronics, optoelectronic devices, metamaterials and integrated plasmonics, and optical interconnects.
The Liu Group's research interests are:
- Acoustic, Elastic, and Poroelastic Waves
- Inverse Problems
- Biomedical Imaging
- Geophysics and Subsurface Sensing
MIST Group focuses on creation of multi-functional integrated systems based on a wide range of technology areas, including expertise in optical system design, photonic materials and devices, design and fabrication of micro-electromechanical devices/sensors, and Si and III-V heterogeneous integration. Our primary research interest includes application of these technologies to quantum computation and quantum communication, quantum-enabled detectors, advanced imaging systems, bio-sensing and functional metamaterials research.
The research team at the Nanomaterials and Thin Films Lab, under the leadership of Jeff Glass, applies electrical, optics, materials, and electrochemical engineering expertise to develop novel nanostructures that address large-scale problems pertinent to the global energy-water nexus and growing need for nanotechnology based sensing.
A key theme of ongoing research in the Network and Imaging Science Laboratory is data-starved inference for point processes. This comprises the development of statistically robust methods for analyzing discrete events, where the discrete events can range from photons hitting a detector in an imaging system to groups of people meeting in a social network. When the number of observed events is very small, accurately extracting knowledge from this data is a challenging task requiring the development of both new computational methods and novel theoretical analysis frameworks.
The Shared Materials Instrumentation Facility (SMIF) provides researchers with high quality and cost-effective access to advanced materials characterization and fabrication capabilities. The facility is operated as a multidisciplinary shared use resource, and is available to Duke University researchers from the various schools and departments as well as to external users from other universities, government laboratories, and industry. SMIF is an official Duke University recharge center open to all trained students, staff, and faculty, and is used for both research and educational purposes.
Dr. David R. Smith is currently the William Bevan Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering Department at Duke University and Director of the Center for Metamaterial and Integrated Plasmonics.
Statistical Signal Processing Applied to Cochlear Implants and Subsurface Sensing
Our research is in the area of physics-based statistical signal processing algorithms, and we are actively engaged in two general application areas: (1) Investigating human perception and developing robust remediation strategies for a variety of communication impairments or limitations; (2) developing robust sensor-based algorithms for the remote detection and identification of potentially hazardous buried objects, such as unexploded ordnance (UXO) and landmines.
The primary objective of our research is to synthesize multi-component and hybrid (organic-inorganic) materials using a novel approach to organic-based thin film deposition that combines solution and vacuum-processing. Known as emulsion-based, resonant infrared matrix-assisted pulsed laser evaporation (RIR-MAPLE), this technique offers a completely new way to integrate novel functions into organic-based films and devices that are difficult, if not impossible, to achieve otherwise.
Kishor S. Tivedi's research n the domain of reliability and performability evaluation of Dependable systems, and has made seminal contributions to stochastic modeling formalisms and their efficient solution. He is currently carrying out experimental research in software reliability during operation where he is researching software fault tolerance through environmental diversity. This work, including software bug classification, empirical study of real failure data and associated theory of affordable software fault tolerance, has already gained significant attention.
The mission of the VLSI R&D Center is to provide productive Very-Large-Scale Integration design resources and silicon foundry access to cross-discipline research groups. These groups require application specific integrated circuits (ASICs) to significantly advance the performance capabilities of their hardware based projects.